The four symptoms that are most common in diabetes are: Diabetes Common Symptoms
Increased thirst Frequent urination Being very hungry Loss of weight for no apparent reason.
Diabetes Common Symptoms
The reasons for these symptoms are explained below:
Each of the body’s cells needs energy to survive. People get the energy by converting the food they eat into fats and sugars (glucose). This glucose travels through the bloodstream as a normal component of the blood. The blood cells then take a small amount of glucose from the blood to use it as energy. The substance that allows the cell to take glucose from the blood is a protein called insulin.
Insulin is produced by the beta cells that are found in the pancreas. The pancreas is an organ that is located near the stomach.
When blood glucose increases, beta cells secrete insulin into the bloodstream and distribute it to all cells in the body.
Insulin adheres to proteins on the surface of the cell and allows sugar to pass from the blood to the cell, where it is converted into energy.
A person with type 2 diabetes or gestational diabetes can not produce a sufficient amount of insulin or the one they produce is not “sensitive,” meaning that the body can not use it properly. A person with type 2 diabetes produces nothing or very little insulin.
Without the necessary insulin, the cells of the body can not use the glucose that is in the blood and they begin to be hungry while the glucose is accumulating in the bloodstream.
In response to this lack of energy in the cells, the brain sends signals that tell the body to eat more. Meanwhile, other body cells try to get energy by breaking down fat cells and muscle. The liver can convert muscle proteins into glucose. Then a vicious cycle begins: More glucose is created but it can not be transformed into energy because there is not enough insulin to carry glucose from the bloodstream to the cells of the body.
When there is a lot of glucose in the blood, the body tries to get rid of it by means of urine. The urine of healthy people, does not contain sugar. In people with diabetes, excess glucose absorbs water just like a sponge would. People produce excessive amounts of urine because of all this water. All this urine makes the person feel thirsty, so he takes water too much.
All of the above is due to a lack of insulin that causes people with diabetes to develop the classic symptoms of diabetes: They lose weight but have a lot of appetite, drink excess water and go to the bathroom to urinate constantly.